The context of the neurocritical patient is complex and the early intensive physiotherapy approach and during the hospitalization is of extreme importance to the prognostic and to evolution sensorimotor of these patients, or to prevent the relevant complications of immobility, managing the mechanical ventilation or encouraging the neuroplasticity. It is presented in this work the more common neurologic alterations and it particularities. Also, the normotensive physiotherapeutic techniques are showed to provide information about them and meliorates it provokes. The recent theories about the Bo bath method, the neuroplasticity theory, and the theory of restriction movement are showed. In conclusion the importance of the work of physiotherapist is to obtain quality of life for the patients in intensive unit.