Restoring physical function in post-intensive care syndrome (PICS): A review of literature
Background and Introduction: PICS explain the series of mental, emotional & physical after effects that may persist after a patient has been discharged from the ICU. PICS-F refers to the chronic & acute psychological consequences of acute disease & their effects on the patient’s family. Objectives: The aim of this study is to cognize the role physiotherapy in PICS. Methodology
Data Source and Literature Source: relevant articles were identified by searching from: PUBMED, cohrane literacy, Google scholar, academia.
Data Selection: Articles on the role of physiotherapy in PICS, systemic review with meta-analysis are included intensive ICU treatment lead to very severe medical conditions like respiratory failure and sepsis for days, weeks, months or even years were not able to return former level of performance.
By applying physiotherapy protocol medication is essential trying to promote reducing the occurrence of ventilator associated pneumonia, lung function, facilitating promoting safe and weaning and early release from the intensive care unit. Results: More than fifteen articles are on PICS in which ten articles are matched with physiotherapy in PICS. Conclusion:The study demonstrated PICS involves physical, cognitive, and mental disabilities during or after ICU stays and ICU discharge and also long-term ICU prognosis. The ABCDEFGH bundle and new therapeutic strategies, including physical therapy treatment for cures, must be developed for prevention of PICS. Physical therapy can help a lot in recovery process of PICS patients which involve (Evaluation, Assessment, Treatment, and Education). Discussion: Lack of significant studies & evidence based practices needs more research on PICS.
Harshika Gupta. Restoring physical function in post-intensive care syndrome (PICS): A review of literature. International Journal of Physiology, Health and Physical Education, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2022, Pages 9-12